- Always start with what you want them to learn about during the lesson. When creating an effective lesson it is important to keep the lesson objective at the heart of the lesson, informing each strand of the lesson, (see diagram above).
- Activating prior knowledge activates your lesson. It is important that when you are creating a lesson that it relates to students existing knowledge of a subject and also relates to the scheme of work.
- Starters should be used to settle the students into the lesson. A starter can also be used as a way of accessing prior knowledge and understanding of the topic they are studying. It should be relatively simple and importantly should hook your students into your lesson.
- Main tasks are the bedrock of the lesson. The main task is an important area which needs to keep a good pace to ensure that students are engaged in the lesson. It should ultimately work towards producing the lesson outcome.
- The outcome of the lesson should correspond to the lesson objective. the students should produce work that proves that they have engaged with the lesson objective, this could take many forms, from mini-presentations to independent writing. It allows you, as the teacher, to formatively assess the students.
- Assessment for learning is your essential tool for progress. Your lesson planning must contain different and regular ways of checking that the students are learning and not simply ‘doing’ a task. AfL should also check students understanding and should inform future planning.
- Differentiation for different needs. Differentiation is a vital component of creating an effective lesson plan. It should be challenging and stretching the more able students, while also facilitating learning for the less able students in the class. Differentiation is, at its core, about adapting the lesson to students needs and needs to engage all students. There are a variety of different ways to differentiate, specifically through: task, outcome, group and resources.
By Rose and Lynne.